The taste buds are located in the papillae, which are projections on the upper surface of the tongue. The condition of the tongue can sometimes be a guide to the general condition of the body. Sometimes it is part of an adverse reaction to medication. One form of glossitis causes a smooth tongue, with a red, glazed appearance.
Oral Hairy Leukoplakia
Tongue Disease Signs, Causes, Types And Treatment
Black hairy tongue is a condition of the tongue in which the small bumps on the tongue elongate with black or brown discoloration, giving a black and hairy appearance. The appearance may be alarming, but it is a harmless condition. Predisposing factors include smoking, xerostomia dry mouth , soft diet , poor oral hygiene and certain medications. Management is by improving oral hygiene, especially scraping or brushing the tongue. Hairy tongue largely occurs in the central part of the dorsal tongue, just anterior in front of the circumvallate papillae , although sometimes the entire dorsal surface may be involved.
Johns Hopkins Health System hospitals, outpatient locations and home care services are serving patients during inclement weather, with some practices switching to telemedicine visits. Patients should contact their providers to confirm. If you have a MyChart account, please contact your provider through MyChart. Posted Feb. The symptoms of oral hairy leukoplakia may look like other medical conditions or problems.
When Dr. Yasir Hamad heard that a patient's tongue had turned black, he decided he needed to see it for himself. Despite the name, black hairy tongue isn't hair at all.